The Basilica of Santa Cecilia is located in Rome in the Trastevere district, in the homonymous square of Santa Cecilia, and stands on what was once the home of the Roman martyr Cecilia and her husband Valeriano.
Excavations were made during the restoration of the early 1900s to highlight that, under the church, there were ancient buildings of the Republican age.The basilica was built in the sixth century and bears the name of Santa Cecilia, martyred in 230 AD. in the basement of the church for trying to convert Valeriano and his brother Tiburzio.
The martyr Santa Cecilia
The body of the saint was found later, in 820, and brought to the church by the then Pope Pasquale I. The basilica has lived several restorations in the course of its existence that have changed its appearance and morphology.
Today the church is one of the most fascinating in Rome, in the heart of a typically Roman and popular district like Trastevere. The points of interest of the Basilica of Santa Cecilia are the underground crypt; the calidarium, or bathroom, where according to legend the first attempt to stifle Cecilia took place; the remains of a Roman Domus probably dated to the 2nd century BC
An element of great attraction is the cycle of medieval frescoes by the painter Pietro Cavallini: among these are the frescoes of the Last Judgment.
The frescoes of the Last Judgment of the Basilica of Santa Cecilia
The Cavallini began working at the church of S. Cecilia in Trastevere from the end of 1200. He worked with a decorative cycle that covered the entire central nave. Most of these frescoes have, unfortunately, been destroyed over the years. The only ones that have been partially recovered are those of the counter-façade depicting the Last Judgment.
This guarantees even more important to these frescoes since most of Cavallini’s works have been destroyed, and this has generated an embankment in going to understand the artistic evolution of Pietro Cavallini.
One of the oldest Christian places of worship in the entire city and located right in the heart of Rome, in Trastevere, it preserves an artistic heritage of enormous value. The Last Judgment of Cavallini is a masterpiece admired by many visitors: the work depicts the final coming of Jesus according to the traditional canons in the East and in the West.
In the lower part there are many angels with trumpets that call to gather blessed and damned; in the middle of the fresco, a cross with the symbols of the Passion. The Last Judgment of Cavallini at the Basilica of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a shining example of a perfect mix of Byzantine and Western art in Rome.