The Jewish catacombs of Vigna Randanini in Rome are located on a hill between Via Appia Antica and Via Appia Pignatelli: we speak of those that were the second Jewish catacombs of Rome and that was discovered by chance in 1859.
A Jewish presence in Rome is historically attested as early as the 2nd century BC From the following century the community became rather fixed and rooted in the territory. the necropolis of the Jewish community appears in the form of catacombs already planned to be enlarged and thus accommodate any developments.
All the Jewish catacombs of Rome
Subsequent structures in time to pagan ones or to Christian catacombs; to date, there does not seem to be any evidence of previous Jewish catacombs. In Rome there are six Jewish catacombs in the area: two in Villa Torlonia, on Via Nomentana; that of Vigna Randanini on the Appian Way; that of Vigna Cimarra on the Via Ardeatina; that of the Via Labicana and that of Monteverde.
According to various scholars, there may be other Jewish catacombs on Rome that have not yet been discovered; or some that over the years could have been destroyed by the building activity, such as Monteverde’s catacomb.
In general, the Jewish catacombs coincide with those of all the other Roman necropolises in terms of their chosen location: that is, along with the main consular roads of the capital.
Visit the Jewish Catacombs of Vigna Randanini in Rome
The Jewish catacombs of Vigna Randanini in Rome on the Appian Way are the second catacombs of Rome to have been found in order of time. The tunnels wind below the hill which rises above a total length of about 720 meters. Of these, only a little more than 450 can be traveled on foot for the visitor.
Vigna Randanini’s catacomb develops for an average depth of about 10 meters, according to what can be seen from the height of the two skylights. The origins of these catacombs are rough to be traced back to the second century. d. C. and at that time it is assumed that they were formed only by the small square environment characterized by two exedras and a niche.
The entire area then underwent a substantial change in the period between the third and fourth century AD The longitudinal walls were extended by covering them also in opus. It should be noted that the entire site of the Jewish catacombs of Vigna Randanini in Rome is unique in the Mediterranean landscape as a state of conservation and for the presence of various pictorial decorations of both pagan and Hebrew tradition. A very suggestive place of immense archaeological value, for which it is recommended as a destination to visit for those who are in Rome.